How Much Does It Cost to Hire a Lawyer?

May 15, 2024 | Phil Sarfin
How Much Does It Cost to Hire a Lawyer?

When you get injured and are in need of financial compensation, the thought “I need a lawyer” will appear in your mind sooner or later. However, the second thought that usually follows the first one is, “But can I afford to hire a personal injury lawyer?” Many people worry they will be unable to afford a lawyer or that hiring one will not be financially worthwhile because they do not understand how much it costs to hire a lawyer and what fee structures are available.

Common Fee Structures for Personal Injury Attorneys

Before you start negotiating fees with your personal injury lawyer, you need to understand the various fee structures charged in the industry.

Contingency Fees

When you hire a personal injury attorney, the most common fee structure - by far - is a contingency fee arrangement. This is a fee structure based, or “contingent,” on the outcome of the case. This means that your attorney’s payment is contingent on winning your case or obtaining a settlement. If you don’t win, typically, you don’t pay. Contingency fees are designed to make legal representation accessible to those who might not have the financial means to pay an attorney upfront.

The advantages of contingency fees include:

  • No upfront costs: You don’t pay attorney fees unless you win your case or settle out of court.
  • Alignment of interests: The lawyer has a direct incentive to win your case or achieve the highest possible settlement since their fee is a percentage of the amount awarded.

The disadvantages of contingency fees include:

  • Potentially higher total costs: While you pay nothing upfront, the percentage taken as a fee can end up being more than what hourly rates might have amounted to.
  • Can discourage small claims: Some lawyers may be reluctant to take on cases with potentially lower settlements because the expected payout may not justify their effort.

This is how most personal injury law firms charge legal fees. You might encounter firms that offer other payment arrangements, as discussed below. However, contingency fees tend to benefit injury victims the most, especially in already stressful financial situations.

Hourly Rates

Cost to Hire a Lawyer

Hourly rates are a billing method where the lawyer charges a set rate for each hour of work they perform on your case. This can include consultations, research, paperwork, and time spent in court. Clients should always ask for an estimate of how many hours their case might require to understand the potential costs better upfront and prepare themselves financially. However, hourly rates are less common in personal injury cases than in other legal matters.

The advantages of hourly rates include:

  • Transparency: You pay for the exact amount of work done. It can be cost-effective for shorter, less complicated cases.
  • Predictability: By understanding the lawyer’s hourly rate, you can estimate the cost based on your case’s complexity and anticipated duration.

The disadvantages of hourly rates include:

  • Potential for high costs: The total cost can quickly escalate if the case becomes more complicated or lasts longer than expected.
  • Financial uncertainty: It’s challenging to predict the total cost from the outset, making budgeting for legal expenses difficult.

Flat Fees

A flat fee is a fixed amount charged for a specific service or series of tasks, regardless of the time spent on the case. This fee structure is uncommon for personal injury lawyers due to these cases’ unpredictable nature and varying complexity. When flat fees are offered, it’s generally for straightforward tasks or advisory services rather than full case representation.

The advantages of flat fees include:

  • Simplicity: A flat fee structure is straightforward, making it easy to understand how much you will owe your lawyer, regardless of the length of the case.
  • Certainty: It provides certainty regarding legal costs, which can be helpful for budgeting purposes.

The disadvantages of flat fees include:

  • May not cover all services: The flat fee might only cover a specific scope of work. Costs outside of this predefined scope can be billed additionally.
  • Less motivation for faster resolution: Since the payment is not tied to the hours worked or the case outcome, there might be less incentive for the lawyer to work efficiently.

Retainer Fees

A retainer fee is an upfront cost paid to secure the attorney’s services, acting as a down payment towards future legal fees. In the context of personal injury cases, retainer fees are rare. More typically, they might be used in combination with hourly rates or flat fees for additional services not covered by a contingency arrangement.

The advantages of retainer fees include:

  • Immediate representation: Paying a retainer fee can secure an attorney’s services immediately, which is beneficial in time-sensitive situations.
  • Ensures availability: It guarantees the lawyer will be available to work on your case over a period.

The disadvantages of retainer fees include:

  • Upfront payment: Requires an initial lump sum payment before any work begins, which might be financially burdensome.
  • Additional costs: The retainer may cover only a portion of the services needed for your case. Once depleted, you may have to replenish it or pay extra fees.

What You Need to Know About Contingency Fees

Since most personal injury attorneys charge clients on a contingency fee basis, we will discuss this fee structure in more detail. For an injury victim, the contingency fee structure can be a lifeline. It means you can access high-quality legal representation without worrying about the immediate financial burden. Also, it aligns the attorney’s interests with the client, as both parties stand to gain from a successful resolution.

How Are Contingency Fees Determined? 

Contingency fees are not arbitrary. They are calculated based on a variety of legal and contextual factors. Understanding what goes into determining these fees is crucial in selecting the best lawyer for your case and understanding how much it will cost to hire one.

The percentage a personal injury attorney takes as their fee from a client’s compensation can vary from case to case, but the percentage must be reasonable according to industry standards.

Multiple variables go into the final percentage set by your personal injury lawyer. These may include:

  • The complexity of your case;
  • The likelihood of success;
  • Whether the case is likely to be resolved through trial or settlement (statistically speaking, 97 percent of all tort claims are settled out of court);
  • The amount of work and resources required, such as expert witnesses and medical reports, and
  • Any potential legal caps on the attorney’s fee.

Remember that – like any contract – the contingency fee agreement is negotiable. In some cases, especially those with a high likelihood of success or a clear path to resolution, attorneys may be willing to adjust their fees.

Managing Expectations with a Contingency Fee Agreement

Once you have decided to hire a personal injury attorney on a contingency basis, you must fully understand the agreement. That is why you need a clear, written agreement outlining the terms of the contingency fee. It should detail what expenses the lawyer covers from the settlement, when and how the fee is due, and any other important information.

While the attorney’s fee may come from the settlement, additional costs separate from the contingency fee can be associated with your case.

What Types of Expenses Will I Have to Pay My Lawyer For? 

Your lawyer may incur many expenses when handling your case. As the client, you will have to reimburse your lawyer for those expenses when your case concludes or at any other point as agreed upon in the contract. Here is a breakdown of the expenses you might encounter when hiring a lawyer to represent you:

  • Attorney fees: These are separate from the contingency fee or hourly rate you may already be familiar with. Some circumstances may warrant additional attorney fees outside of the initial agreement.
  • Complaint filing fee: Filing a lawsuit involves a cost, payable to the court. This fee gets your case officially on the docket. For example, the filing fee for opening a civil action in the Southern District of Florida is $405.00.
  • Expert witness fees: Expert witnesses, such as medical professionals, accident reconstruction experts, or economists, may be necessary to strengthen your case. Their fees for examination, testimony, and preparation can be significant. For example, the expert witness fees for experts in the 10th Judicial Circuit Court of Florida range from $50 to $200 per hour.
  • Medical records retrieval fees: Accessing detailed medical records to prove the extent of your injuries often comes with a cost, imposed by healthcare providers.
  • Postage and handling costs: The expenses for mailing, shipping, and handling documents throughout your case might seem minor individually but can add up over time.
  • Deposition costs: If depositions are necessary, there are costs associated with recording statements, hiring a court reporter, and securing a location for the deposition.
  • Expenses for transcriptions: Transcribing depositions, court hearings, and other legal proceedings is essential for record-keeping and strategy planning, adding to the overall costs.

In many cases, a lawyer will pay all the expenses and costs and then seek to recoup those costs out of the settlement or verdict they win for you, in addition to receiving their contingency fee percentage.

Qualities to Look for in a Personal Injury Attorney

Qualities to Look for in an Injury Lawyer

Now that you know how much it can cost to hire a lawyer, you need to know what personal traits to look for when choosing legal counsel. After all, you want to avoid ending up working with someone you are not comfortable with. Getting compensation in a personal injury case can take months or possibly years, so you must choose a lawyer who best fits you and your legal needs.

Communication Skills

Effective communication is crucial in legal proceedings. A lawyer with this skill can explain complex legal terms and inform you about your case’s progress.

How it manifests: During consultations, a lawyer should clearly outline the legal process and potential outcomes and answer your questions unambiguously.


Honesty is the foundation of trust in any attorney-client relationship. Your lawyer should be straightforward about the strengths and weaknesses of your case, expected outcomes, and costs.

How it manifests: An honest lawyer will provide a realistic assessment of your case, including both the positive aspects and the challenges, rather than promising guaranteed victories and an easy walk in the park.


Dealing with the aftermath of an accident can be emotionally taxing. An empathetic lawyer can understand what you are going through and provide support throughout the legal process.

How it manifests: They should acknowledge your feelings and circumstances, demonstrating a willingness to go the extra mile to ease your burden.

Ability to Listen

For a lawyer, listening is just as important as speaking. A listening lawyer can better understand your situation, goals, and concerns, leading to more personalized and effective representation.

How it manifests: During a consultation, they pay close attention to your story, needs, and preferences, asking clarifying questions when necessary.

A Driven Attitude

A lawyer with a driven attitude is motivated to pursue the best possible outcome for your case. They are proactive in their approach and tireless in their efforts to advocate for your rights.

How it manifests: They are enthusiastic about taking on your case, discussing various strategies for success, and actively working on your case without delay.

Down to Earth

A down-to-earth lawyer can make the legal process less intimidating, providing comfort and relatability.

How it manifests: They speak in a friendly manner, avoid legal jargon when unnecessary, and make a genuine effort to connect with you on a personal level.


Humility in a lawyer indicates that they recognize the importance of your case to you and are focused on your needs rather than boasting about their achievements.

How it manifests: They are open about seeking input from colleagues or experts if it benefits your case and are quick to credit their team for success.

Seek a Free Consultation with a Personal Injury Attorney Now

Once you find the right lawyer for your case, their fees should not be a concern, as a contingency fee works in your favor, as well as your attorney’s favor. Discuss a possible case with a trusted lawyer today.

Phil Sarfin

Phil Sarfin is an associate at Blakeley Law Firm, P.A. and focuses his practice on personal injury, including automobile accidents, slip and falls and wrongful death. He received a Bachelor of Science from the University of Delaware in 2010, and his Juris Doctor from Nova Southeastern University in 2015. He is licensed to practice in all Florida state courts.

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