Rear-End Truck Accidents

April 3, 2024 | Jarrett Blakeley
Rear-End Truck Accidents

Rear-end collisions involving a truck can cause significant property damage, injuries, or even fatalities. Rear-end truck accidents are unique due to the size and weight of commercial trucks, which can lead to severe consequences for those involved.

If you or a loved one was in a rear-end truck accident, you must understand the causes, liability, common injuries, and the importance of seeking legal representation. You never wait to contact an experienced truck accident attorney as soon as possible for help with your injury claim.

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Causes of Rear-End Truck Accidents

Rear-end truck accidents can occur for various reasons. Understanding these causes can help identify liability and ensure that justice is served.

Distracted Driving

Distracted driving is a leading cause of rear-end truck accidents. Like all motorists, talking on the phone, eating, or adjusting the radio can distract truck drivers. These distractions hinder their ability to react in time and may lead to a rear-end collision.


Truck drivers often work long hours to meet demanding deadlines, leading to fatigue. Unfortunately, fatigue can impair a driver's judgment, decrease reaction time, and increase the risk of rear-end accidents.


Speeding is another common cause of rear-end truck accidents. Trucks require more time and distance to stop due to their size and weight. When truck drivers fail to adhere to speed limits, they cannot stop in time to avoid colliding with the vehicle ahead.


Tailgating, or following too closely, is a dangerous behavior that often leads to rear-end collisions. Commercial trucks require a significantly longer stopping distance, and failing to maintain a safe following distance can result in a rear-end accident if the vehicle ahead stops suddenly.

Brake Failure

Brake failure is a serious mechanical issue that can cause rear-end truck accidents. Faulty brakes can significantly impair a truck driver's ability to stop, leading to collisions with other vehicles.

Types of Rear-End Truck Accidents

Rear-end truck accidents can vary in severity and the circumstances surrounding them. Here are some common types of rear-end truck accidents:

Sudden Stop Accidents

Red warning triangle on a highway signaling danger with a truck in the background.

Sudden stop accidents occur when a driver ahead stops abruptly, catching the truck driver off guard because of a traffic jam, unexpected road hazards, or sudden braking by the vehicle ahead.

Traffic Light or Stop Sign Accidents

Accidents at traffic lights or stop signs can result in rear-end collisions if a truck driver fails to stop in time. These accidents often happen due to distractions, fatigue, or failure to observe traffic signals.

Construction Zone Accidents

Construction zones present unique challenges for truck drivers. With reduced speed limits, lane changes, and potential hazards, rear-end accidents can occur if a truck driver fails to adapt to these changing conditions.

Underride Collisions

Underride collisions occur when a smaller vehicle becomes wedged beneath the rear or side of a truck during a rear-end accident. These accidents can result in severe damage to the smaller vehicle, often leading to catastrophic injuries or fatalities.

Multiple Vehicle Accidents

In some cases, rear-end truck accidents can trigger a chain reaction, leading to multiple-vehicle collisions. This can result in significant damage and multiple injuries.

Who is Liable for Rear-End Truck Accidents

Determining liability is a crucial aspect of any rear-end truck accident case. In most situations, the driver who rear-ends another vehicle is considered at fault. However, multiple parties may share liability in a rear-end truck accident scenario.

The Truck Driver

The truck driver may need to pay for your rear-end accident if their negligence, such as distracted driving or failure to maintain a safe following distance, directly caused the collision.

The Trucking Company

The trucking company that employs the driver can also be held liable for a rear-end truck accident. Suppose the company fails to properly train its drivers, enforce safety protocols, or maintain the truck's mechanical condition. In that case, they may share responsibility for the accident.

Vehicle Manufacturer or Maintenance Provider

If a mechanical defect, such as brake failure, contributed to the rear-end accident, the vehicle manufacturer or maintenance provider may bear liability. In such cases, product liability laws may come into play.

Other Negligent Parties

In certain situations, other parties, such as third-party contractors responsible for maintenance or loading the truck, may contribute to the accident's occurrence. Identifying these parties can help determine liability and provide avenues for seeking compensation.

Determining Liability

Establishing liability in a rear-end truck accident requires a thorough investigation and evidence gathering.

Accident on the road involving black car and yellow truck.

Here are some steps involved in determining liability:

  • Police Report - The police report filed at the accident scene can provide valuable information and help establish fault.
  • Witness Statements - Eyewitness testimonies can provide insight into the sequence of events leading to the rear-end accident.
  • Truck Maintenance Records - Reviewing maintenance records can determine if mechanical failure played a role in the accident.
  • Electronic Data Recorder - Commercial trucks often have Electronic Data Recorders (EDRs) that can provide valuable data, including speed, braking, and other performance metrics.
  • Expert Opinions - Consulting accident reconstruction experts can help recreate the accident and provide a professional opinion on liability.
  • Medical Records - Medical records documenting injuries sustained in the accident can help establish the collision's severity and impact on the victim.

By thoroughly investigating the accident and gathering relevant evidence, an experienced truck accident attorney can build a strong case on your behalf.

Common Truck Accident Injuries

Rear-end truck accidents can result in severe injuries due to the force of impact involved.

Here are some common injuries victims may sustain in these accidents:

  • Whiplash: Whiplash is a common injury in rear-end accidents, characterized by neck strain caused by the sudden back-and-forth motion of the head. Symptoms may include neck pain, stiffness, headaches, and shoulder pain.
  • Spinal Cord Injuries (SCI): The impact of a rear-end collision can result in spinal cord injuries, potentially leading to partial or complete paralysis. These injuries often require extensive medical treatment and long-term rehabilitation.
  • Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBIs): TBIs occur when the head sustains a severe blow or penetrative injury. In rear-end truck accidents, victims may strike their heads on the steering wheel, dashboard, or other objects in the vehicle.
  • Broken Bones: The impact force in a rear-end collision can cause fractures and broken bones. Common fractures include those in the arms, legs, ribs, and facial bones.
  • Internal Injuries: Internal injuries, such as organ damage or internal bleeding, can occur due to the impact of a rear-end accident. These injuries may not always be immediately apparent and require prompt medical attention.
  • Psychological Trauma: The emotional and psychological impact of a rear-end truck accident should not be overlooked. Victims may experience post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, or depression as a result of the traumatic event.

Damages in Truck Accidents

Victims of rear-end truck accidents may be entitled to various types of economic and non-economic damages. These damages aim to compensate the victim for their losses and help them recover physically, emotionally, and financially. Here are some common damages sought in truck accident cases:

Medical Expenses

Compensation for medical expenses includes the costs of hospital stays, surgeries, medical procedures, doctor visits, medications, rehabilitation, and future healthcare needs related to the accident.

Lost Income

Victims may claim lost income for the time they were unable to work due to their injuries. This includes both current and future lost earnings if the injuries caused long-term disability or affected their ability to earn a living.

Pain and Suffering

Pain and suffering damages compensate the victim for their physical pain, emotional distress, and loss of enjoyment of life caused by the accident and resulting injuries.

Property Damage

If the victim's vehicle or personal property was damaged in the accident, they may seek compensation for the repair or replacement costs. This applies to their vehicle, clothing, shoes, jewelry, cell phones, other electronics, and anything else that might have been lost or damaged in the accident.

Wrongful Death

In tragic cases where a rear-end truck accident results in a fatality, surviving family members may pursue a wrongful death claim. This claim seeks compensation for funeral expenses, loss of financial support, and the emotional trauma caused by the loss of a loved one.

How a Qualified Truck Accident Attorney Can Help

The legal issues of a rear-end truck accident case can overwhelm you when you’re dealing with injuries and emotional distress. Hiring a qualified truck accident attorney can make a significant difference in the outcome of your case.

Here's how they can help:

  • Investigation and Evidence Gathering: An experienced attorney will comprehensively investigate the accident, gather evidence, and identify liable parties. They will obtain police reports, interview witnesses, analyze medical records, and consult with experts to build a strong case.
  • Negotiation with Insurance Companies: Truck accident attorneys are skilled negotiators and can handle insurance companies on your behalf. They will work to ensure that you receive fair compensation for your injuries and damages while protecting your rights.
  • Legal Representation: If your case goes to court, a truck accident attorney will provide aggressive legal representation. They will present your case, cross-examine witnesses, and advocate for your rights in front of a judge and jury.
  • Maximizing Compensation: An attorney will assess the full extent of your damages and determine the appropriate compensation you deserve. They will fight for your rights to maximize your recovery, including medical expenses, lost income, pain, and suffering.
  • Peace of Mind: Hiring a attorney allows you to focus on your physical and emotional recovery, knowing that a skilled legal professional is advocating for your best interests.

The Statute of Limitations for Rear-End Truck Accidents

The statute of limitations sets the deadline within which you must file a truck accident lawsuit. If you or a loved one was in a rear-end truck accident, you need a lawyer to explain the time constraints that may affect your ability to seek legal action.

Traffic accident inspector in reflective vest writing on clipboard by damaged vehicle, assessing damage.

In cases of rear-end truck accidents, the statute of limitations can vary depending on the jurisdiction and the specific circumstances of the accident. For example, if your claim involves a minor child or a government entity, it can change the deadline.

Generally, the statute of limitations for personal injury claims ranges from one to six years. However, it's always recommended to consult with an experienced truck accident attorney to determine the exact deadline that applies to your case.

Filing a lawsuit within the statute of limitations is crucial for several reasons. First and foremost, it ensures that your legal rights are protected and that you have the opportunity to seek compensation for your injuries. Additionally, filing within the designated timeframe strengthens your case by ensuring that evidence is still fresh and witnesses are available.

It's important to remember that if you fail to file a lawsuit within the statute of limitations, you may be barred from bringing your case to court. This means that you may lose your right to pursue compensation and hold the responsible party accountable for their actions. To avoid this, consult a knowledgeable attorney as soon as possible after a rear-end truck accident occurs.

Understanding the statute of limitations for rear-end truck accidents is crucial to protecting your rights and seeking the compensation you deserve.

By consulting an experienced attorney, you can file your lawsuit within the designated timeframe, maximizing your chances of a successful outcome.

Don't delay seeking legal advice - time is of the essence when pursuing claims related to rear-end truck accidents.

Rear-end truck accidents can have severe consequences for victims and their families. Understanding the causes, liability, common injuries, and the importance of seeking legal representation is crucial for ensuring that justice is served.

If you or a loved one was recently injured in a truck accident, you need professional legal support during this challenging time. Contact an experienced personal injury attorney today for your free consultation, and let them fight for the compensation you deserve.

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Jarrett Blakeley

Firm founder Jarrett Blakeley fights to get maximum compensation for all of Blakeley Law Firm’s clients. He has been practicing law since 2006 and takes great pride in representing the rights of injured individuals against the insurance companies and the law firms that represent them. He has successfully represented thousands of clients and recovered tens of millions of dollars on their behalf. Mr. Blakeley strives to give all of his clients personal attention and maximum effort and seeks to instill a firm culture that prioritizes customer service and compassion for the injured over all else. Fighting for the injured is Jarrett Blakeley’s greatest passion and he looks forward to fighting for the injured for the rest of his career.

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